Fillings are among the most frequently prescribed and versatile of all dental restorations. It is the primary treatment or procedure to take care of a cavity. In a procedure known as cavity preparation, the dentist uses any of a variety of dental tools to remove damaged tooth structure, and any tooth material that has been weakened or undermined by decay. The the missing tooth structure is filled with material of various types. Fillings are placed into teeth following the removal of decay, and filling material can also be used to restore chipped or partially broken teeth to their normal contour and function. Depending on the size of the decay or chip in your tooth, other dental procedures such as crowns, bridges, and root canals may be an option instead of fillings. Fillings will generally be the most economical option, and can have equal longevity and superior esthetics.